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Alcohol Addiction : Treatment and Counselling

Alcohol Addiction : Treatment and Counselling

Alcohol Addiction : Treatment and Counselling

Alcohol Addiction : Treatment and Counselling

Addiction is a complex but treatable disease that affects brain function and behavior including circuits involved in reward and motivation, learning and memory, and inhibitory control over behavior. UMANG CLINIC can help you break the shackles of addiction that affects you and your family, and lead an alcohol free life.

The various forms of alcohol are as follows :

  • Deshi / Country liquor
  • Tadi / Madi
  • Haathbhatti ( Illicit Country liquor)
  • Beer / Lager / Cider
  • Whiskey
  • Red Wine
  • White Wine
  • Rum
  • Tequila
  • Vodka
  • Gin
  • Brandy
  • Champagne


All About Alcohol Addiction

As per the recent national addiction survey, about 14.6% population of India uses alcohol. One of every five alcohol using person is dependent on alcohol. Alcohol is a depressant that interferes with the functioning of several neurotransmitters in the brain.

  • Effects
  • Withdrawal
  • Comorbidity
  • Causes

Alcohol initially leads to reduction in inhibitions and feeling good about oneself. Since alcohol lowers the functions of inhibitory centres, as well as other centres of the brain, increased consumption leads to slurred speech, lowered motor activity, slow responsiveness, and impairments in judgement. Along with the symptoms mentioned at the beginning, those with alcohol use disorder continue drinking alcohol despite physical problems such as liver disease and recurrent blackouts; psychological problems such as depression or behavioral problems like irritability such as aggressiveness.

The person may experience withdrawal beginning from 4 to 12 hours after consumption. It includes symptoms like sleep disturbances, restlessness and tremors. At times, it may also present in a complicated form with symptoms like seizures, confusion, hallucinations, etc. Since it is undesirable and distressing, the individual may consume more alcohol to mitigate symptoms of withdrawal.

This disorder frequently occurs along with severe anxiety and depression, conduct problems, as well as antisocial behaviour.

  • Genetics : There is a threefold increased risk of dependence in those with close relatives suffering from this disorder, even when they are adopted into families with no history of the disorder.
  • Psychological : Those with mental health issues like depression, anxiety, personality disorders, etc are at increased risk of becoming addicted.
  • Environmental : Alcohol is widely, easily and legally available. Additionally, consumption of alcohol to a certain extent is often culturally accepted. This results in greater consumption and hence higher risk of alcohol use disorder. Extreme stress, peer pressure, faulty ways of coping, overestimation of positive effects of alcohol also contribute largely.

Personalized Care Plans :

  • Medications
  • Counselling / Therapy

Medications are given initially for Detox or withdrawal management, which are usually tapered and stopped. Later,in long term management anti-craving medications are started to reduce the craving or desire to consume alcohol.

Quitting the addictive substance is the first step and the crucial beginning of a long battle against craving and relapse. Counseling is an essential part of treatment for all patients of addiction. Drug refusal skills, craving management, anger management, and problem solving skills are various skills to be imparted to the patient in counseling and help those recovering from addiction stay clean. Psychotherapy can also be used to treat the other mental health conditions that often contribute to addiction.

Why counseling is important in Addiction Treatment?

Addiction is more than a physical dependence on drugs, alcohol and tobacco. Even after detox, when physical dependence is cured, patients are at high risk for relapse. Psychological and social factors are often powerful stimuli for relapse, which include :

  • Stress, especially sudden life stresses
  • Cues in the environment, like visiting a neighborhood where the substance is easily available
  • Social networks, like spending time with friends who continue to use drugs, alcohol and tobacco

These factors can create ongoing, nearly irresistible urges to use various substances of abuse. Counseling helps patients escape craving and learn to cope with life, without falling prey to addiction. Several counseling therapies are available for addictions abuse, and no method is known to be the best. Likewise, no one approach is appropriate for everyone with addiction. At UMANG CLINIC, a personalized counseling & treatment plan will be designed to cater to each individual’s addiction problem.

Therapy Services to the Family Members

Effectiveness & Importance Of Treatment

Treatment enables people to counteract addiction's powerful disruptive effects on the brain and behavior and to regain control of their lives. In addition to stopping regular substance use, the goal of treatment is to return people to productive functioning in the family, workplace, and community.

Nearly all patients suffering from addiction problem believe at the outset that they can stop using drugs on their own, some succeed but unfortunately most relapse. The psychological and physiological dependence which the patient is habituated to requires professional treatment and guidance which increases their chances of being successful and achieve long-term abstinence.

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